Detailed Retail Construction Drawings Play a Key Role in Design-Bid-Build Projects

The design-build model of project delivery is one of the most used approaches, particularly for large-scale, high-end architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) projects. These include infrastructure projects, such as healthcare and medical research facilities, airport terminals, bridges, educational institutes, and large custom homes. Nevertheless, very few residential and retail construction/redevelopment projects, primarily with tight budgets, use the design-build delivery method. Department stores, supermarkets, warehouse stores, and shopping centres / malls which are not linked to multinational retail owners and have a limited geographical reach fall into this category.

In case of such projects, a design/architectural firm is contracted to come up with the designs, plans, drawings, and detailed specifications which clearly convey the architect’s / designer’s intent. After initial meetings between the owner and architect/designer, all retail construction drawings are finalised. Depending on the scope of the project, this set includes floor plans, internal& external elevations, construction plans, setting out drawings, composite plans, finishing plans, lighting plans, ceiling plans and sections.

Once all the plans and CAD drawings are in place, the project undergoes a competitive bidding process used to shortlist a general contractor (main contractor) to implement the construction work mapped out in the detailed retail construction documents. Since this design–bid–build method of project delivery involves roping in distinct teams for design/planning and construction, detailed and accurate retail construction drawing sets play a key role in ensuring that the change orders on-site are avoided. Owing to a significant reduction of change orders during construction, the time, effort, and resources that would have been wasted on rework or modification are saved.

Whilst the retail construction drawing sets are important to seek site permits and regional building licenses, the level of detail/development necessitated by the permit documents are far less than what ideally need to be passed on to the general contractors (main contractors). Moreover, in the design-bid-build method, the amount of information incorporated in the construction drawing sets determine, to a large extent, the number of change orders. Since the construction documents are made especially to seek permits from the local authorities feature less detail, the competitive bids from all the participating general contractors (main contractors) will be lower; however, the lower bids will not truly reflect the nature of project’s requirements.

As a result, detailed, clear, and unambiguous retail design drawings significantly lessen the chances of unanticipated change orders on site. When the chances of change orders reduce, the project becomes more profitable and completes on time, which is precisely what all the key parties involved in the project strive for. In order to achieve this, designers/architects involved in such design-bid-build projects perform constructability review of design at regular phases during the pricing phases.

In some cases, designers/architects rope in offshore CAD services providers to prepare detailed production drawing sets for them. Experienced companies providing retail design and documentation services take basic conceptual and schematic designs or sketches from the architects and deliver detailed construction drawing sets as per requirements. This enables architects to efficiently focus on seeking client’s and local council’s approvals over schematic designs, manage the project effectively, and administer construction-related issues.

All things considered, detailed retail construction drawing sets and specifications not only benefit designers, architects, and contractors but also reduces construction change-orders, which effectively leads to on-time and within-budget project delivery for relatively small-scale retail construction projects using design-bid-build delivery method.

How Open BIM Helps Push Interoperability?

The real value of building information modelling (BIM) as a process is in sharing and managing multidisciplinary information (design-related and otherwise) coming in from and going to several AEC supply chain partners, including the chief architect, the structural engineer, the MEP (M&E) design consultant, the MEP (M&E) contractor, the fabrication team and the installation team. Unfortunately, the perception still exists that for BIM to be successful all key project participants need to adopt the same BIM tool or application.

Whilst delivering a BIM project using such a design environment is possible, it is extremely rare in the real world to find a design team who uses the same 3D BIM modeling application as the structural team. The same can be said about the MEP services team, the fabricators and the installation team. On the other hand, the single-tool approach would make the process vendor-dependent and limit the interoperability between disciplines.

Keeping this in mind, it is important to discuss how open BIM facilitates project stakeholders using different BIM software applications to share and exchange data and achieve collaboration. At the heart of the open BIM design environment are neutral non-proprietary file formats that enable this exchange between different BIM tools, systems, cost estimation programs and other construction-related applications. In the context of BIM modelling, when we say ‘data’ we are talking about geometry-related 3D model information, cost estimation data, time schedule, quantity take-offs, procurement data and specification information, amongst others.

If GRAPHISOFT ArchiCAD is the preferred BIM tool used by the chief architect; Autodesk Revit MEP for the MEP services consultant; and STAAD Pro is the primary application for the structural designer. In the absence of open file formats, the BIM coordinator in charge would find it difficult to create a federated model (master BIM model) and carry out any clash detection activity. Alternatively, open file formats facilitate 3D BIM coordination and interoperability. It is mainly due to this reason that open BIM is deemed as ‘the’ way forward in pushing the adoption of holistic BIM processes.

The IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) file format is one such neutral non-proprietary file format developed by BuildingSmart, a group of organisations within the building and construction domain dedicated to improving processes within the industry through defining tools, processes and standards. IFC defines geometry and other construction-related data in a plain text-based binary structure which, in turn, is decoded by individual BIM software applications that support open BIM data exchange. This serves the purpose of all the stakeholders (architects, engineers, contractors, fabrication experts and installers) who use different BIM, cost estimation and clash detection tools to collaborate with each other.

Whilst finer nuances for different applications differ, BIM practitioners can save their native BIM files in an IFC format and their project co-partners can then import the same IFC files in their own native BIM application whilst retaining the geometric, parametric and construction-related information in the exchange. For example, after the design development and during the pre-construction phase, the federated BIM model can be imported as an IFC file into the application used by the specialist fabricator to enable modular off-site fabrication.

Voice Changer Diamond 8: Latest build takes voice morphing experience to a new level

Since its release, AV Voice Changer Software Diamond version 8 has been regarded as the start of something creatively great. The program’s innovative transformation includes turning a button into an on-screen compact display (set in a smart-phone like arrangement on a bright blue and white “glassine” screen,) delivering instant accessibility to new morphing experiences for all users, via 2 simple sliders. Everyone should prepare to enter a creative universe of sounds, music, and videos to be presented, arranged, and edited the way you want them to be.

First of all, the program helps me sound like a strict woman, an opera male singer, an innocent girl, Santa Claus, a dragon, a waterfall and most amusingly, a robot. In term of music, it allows me to change the genres of the song, such as classic, country, folk, jazz, pop, rap, reggae or rock, in case you want to produce a jingle.

Standing out from similar voice changer software programs, VCSD 8.2 includes a professional Vowel Enhancer feature that enhances the output voice to make it sound more “natural,” even though it is being manipulated. Vowel Enhancer used to have 6 different parameters, sometimes causing confusion, and sometimes getting it just right was a long process for beginners. Now, in the 8.2 build, to makes things easier for all audiophiles, there are only 2 sliders: Formant Pitch to help you add realistic emotional tones to speech, and Smooth to make the output voice retain its natural sound. Additionally, the Vowel Enhancer feature is now accessed directly on the main display, meaning everyone can easily access it in just one click.

Bottom line, the newest build 8.2 has not only shortened the voice morphing processes, but it also improves the user’s morphing experience with a smarter interface. With only one click to activate Vowel Enhancer, and a single adjustment to each slider, you can instantly hear a completely different voice through your headphones. One thing for sure is that now changing your voice for internet prank calls, adding your own touch to audio mixes, or movie making tasks, such as voiceovers, is just a piece-of-cake once you have this versatile voice changer in hand.

If you are looking for a voice changing solution for online voice chat activities, or any audio/music project, you should check the latest build 8.2 of AV Voice Changer Software Diamond now. For more in-depth specifications and download details please visit

The 2015 Important checklist when launching a new website

Launching a Website is a nerve- racking job! And launching a new website is even more complex. What if you miss any links or details to be mentioned before the launch and it turned out to be a failure. All of the months you’ve worked spending the most crucial phase in planning, designing, coordinating, organizing and developing would go nowhere then. Launching is extremely frantic and hectic. So, having a launch checklist is important! It will help you to offload the job of remembering every tiny details and would make you sure that you haven’t missed anything!!!

So let’s get started by making a new launch website checklist: for the first time you need to make sure that you jot down every important key points that would be included before the launching. Write down each step along the way. Break your list into pre and post launch which will further help you in making your work easier if in future you need to add or delete anything according to your workflow.

Simple Content:
· Proofread your work i.e. you spelling and correction errors.
· Details about company should be mentioned properly.
· Formatting of images is corrected and displayed properly.
· Video/Audio items are correct and formatted properly.
· PDF files are linked up in the right way.
· All links are working correctly
· 404 page is created or customized
· Be sure all required licenses for images, fonts, plug-in, etc. are on file

· Company logo is linked on the site
· Company is viewed on Google
· Company is viewed on internet explorer
· Company is viewed on mozzarella
· Company is viewed on Firefox
· Images optimized on pages

· Set up new domain in cPanel
· Install database and user in cPanel
· Record new domain and database information into tracking software
· Always change the DNS or file name to my name server.
· Keep a check on site for any detail issues.
· Check for broken links on links and redirections

· All pages should have a unique post and titles.
· All pages should have a unique description.
· Pages post have less than 10 keywords that appear in page copy.
· You should register to all social media properties i.e. images, covers pages and link back to your website.

· Start blogging before you launch a website.
· Your website should be known by Google.
· It should give a fair idea to the readers before the launch that what is the site about.

Client debrief is the last step. Under update admin password and save in password management . It helps so much.

Isn’t it a good start for starting a new website with the entire necessary checklist.
The conclusion of this article concludes with these points that it will help your
client and your team members to maintain and keep a record of the information.
Hopefully you can see that every team member would be assigned with their own
task which will lead up to a site launch. This team approach does the best job
for challenges of testing a site. So if you want your website to be successfully
launched so keep this checklist in handy before you launch a website!!!

Antivirus Internet Security Basics: How Viruses Get on a Computer

Recently a computer security expert stated that the only way to keep a computer 100% safe was to never turn it on. It turns out this inaccurate and a little misleading. A computer used solely to type up and print out documents, never connected to the Internet and that never received files transferred from some other computer, could in fact be a useful 100% secure computer system. This brings us to the two main ways viruses and other malware get on a computer: through a network like the Internet and file transfers from other computers.

Users want to attach computers to the Internet and receive emails, instant messages; browse web pages, download music and fun software etc. The problem is that this puts not just millions but billions of people at their doorstep! Imagine that if billions of people could reach a home instantly – how many ill intentioned people would come by to see if the doors and windows were secured? How many con artists would knock on the door? An Internet connected computer is in just that predicament.

When a computer is connected to a network by design it starts listening for communications from the outside world. Things known as ports get created which are special “doors” to the computer. These doors are special because they each have a designated program that will answer the door if it is knocked on. Examples of programs that listen for traffic from the network include:

1. instant messaging programs
2. Internet phone software
3. software for connecting to the computer from remote locations
4. Internet games
Even the operating system itself opens ports to share files or a printer or anything else on the computer. Each of those programs creates a “door” to a computer that it will answer if someone “knocks” on it. If that program is poorly designed then when it answers the “knocking” program could take advantage of it and thus compromise the computer.

In addition to people being able to come across the Internet and knock on one of the “doors” mentioned above – by using a web browser and surfing the Internet users are inviting people to access their computers. Every time a web site is browsed the web browser is downloading files to the computer and processing them. If that web browser is not programmed properly it is a huge security risk. For example on December 12 of 2008 Microsoft reported a big security hole in all versions of its Internet Explorer browser. The hole permitted data stealing software to be installed on the victim’s computer just by browsing an infected web page! Other examples of programs that invite access to your computer:

– Email programs
– File sharing and music sharing programs (by far one of the largest security risks)
– Instant messaging software
So aside from isolating a computer from the outside worldHealth Fitness Articles, how can one protect a computer system? Here are some tips:

1. Don’t use Internet Explorer as your main browser. I am not bashing Microsoft or Internet Explorer particularly and something should be made clear: It is not necessarily that other browsers are programmed so much better but that 80% of people surfing the Internet are using Internet Explorer. Thus thieves interested in gaining access to the maximum amount of victims are going to spend most of their efforts exploiting the security holes of the browser that 80% of the people are using.
2. Put a firewall between your internal network and the Internet. A firewall’s job is to keep out those billions of people who can be at your doorstep instantaneously. It will only allow those you invite to knock on your computer’s door.
3. Use a Firewall on each individual computer. The network firewall mentioned above is a big step toward protecting the internal network. The problem is that it generally won’t protect users from themselves. A user browsing a website is telling the network firewall that it has given an invitation to that website and to permit files from that site to come through. If the user browses an infected website with a browser that has a security hole a virus will get into the network. If it is a certain type of virus it could start replicating itself within the local network. A computer firewall defends against this sort of problem.
4. Update your operating system and browsers. Security holes are constantly found in all operating systems and all browsers. Software updates patch these holes.
5. Use a good and up-to-date antivirus and spyware program. These programs help prevent damage from viruses that do make it to your system.
6. Backup your data. Short of isolating a computer it is impossible to 100% secure a system. If you backup your data then should the worst occur having good backups will prevent disaster.

The above represents the basics and go a long way to protecting computer systems.

Why Does My Computer Take So Long to Boot Up

Are you in front of that computer monitor staring at the hour glass icon that has been up on your screen for five minutes? You have to check your e-mail before you go to work, but your computer is taking forever to boot. You keep asking yourself in frustration, “Why does my computer take so long to boot up?” With the knowledge of why this happens, you can easily prevent it and make booting up as easy as waking up yourself… well that may vary :) Regardless of your hard rive size, RAM, or whatever, there is usually one main issue that causes your computer to boot slow.

When you install a new program, it likes to believe it is important so it puts itself in your start up folder. This makes it turn on when your computer starts up. When you get several of these, Windows is so over burdened with programs that it is super slow.

First and foremost, you must go into the Start Menu, select Run, type in “msconfig” (without the quotes), which will bring up the System Utility Configuration. Select the Start-up Tab and deselect any programs that aren’t needed upon start-up. If you are unsure about a certain program, then leave it. This will greatly enhance your boot up speed as your computer is not struggling to get multiple programs started before the desktop screen even appears.

Once you have done this you can try deleting old programs that you don’t use anymore by going to your Control Panel and selecting Add/Remove Programs. I just did that to my computer and noticed that I had an old video game installed that was taking up 300 MBs and I haven’t used it in over 6 months!

Lastly, once you have done all of this run a Disk Defragmenter to put all of the files that naturally get spread out over time back together. To do this right click on My Computer, Properties, Tools, Defragment.

Restart and notice the amazing change in boot up speed.

If you are still experiencing problems and are still askingFind Article, “Why Does My Computer Take so Long To Boot Up?” then I would go a step further and run a virus scan on your computer to make sure that there are no malicious files present.

Printing Your Way To A Green Earth

Before reading Jennifer Proia’s article I never knew that the ink used in printing contributes to the pollutions that endanger human existence. According to her, commercial printing process creates enormous amounts of carcinogens, hazardous wastes and pollution. Before we proceed to the solutions let us first familiarize ourselves with these few important words.

Carcinogen is a solvent that compose the mixture of chemicals used in press-cleaning solution. Chemical carcinogens include methylene chloride, benzene and perchloroethylene. Evidences show that certain industries such as printing are associated with an increased risk of developing bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is believed to be caused by carcinogens.

When presses and equipments are cleaned it generates solvent and solvents containing liquids. These solvents may be toxic or flammable and almost all are classified as volatile organic compounds or VOCs. Once in the atmosphere, VOCs combine with other pollutants. These pollutants form ozone, called smog. Smog is an air pollutant that aggravates lung diseases. Solvents may also cause water pollution if not discharged properly.

So how can we reduce, if not eliminate, the use of these harmful solvents?

One way is by choosing printing inks. There are two types of ink, the petroleum-based ink and the soy-based ink, also known as soy ink. Soy inks are made from soybeans. It contains soybean oil used in cooking oil, so it is non-toxic. When used in printing, soy ink creates rich, vivid colors. It is safe because it decompose without harm to the environment. Soy inks are accessible. They promote paper recycling and create less waste on press.

So why use harmful ink if you can use earth-friendly ink without compromising output and production?

Another way to prevent pollution is the local exhaust ventilation or LEV. LEV removes offending materials before it can mix with air. With the proper application of LEVFree Reprint Articles, cleaning solvents can be quickly captured. Pollution can be also minimized by using water based cleaners and solutions with carcinogens at concentration below 0.1%.

It is very important to know the product you are using. Read policies and rules regarding chemical use. Be aware of the bad effects it may cause. Dispose of waste materials properly.

Computer and internet books – for modern age students

In this computer age, computer can help you in more than one ways. But there are many disadvantages as well. If you look at the benefits, there are plenty. Children have to be guided properly to get the most out of computers. Computer and internet books provide a good source of knowledge and plenty of information can be derived from computers. However, internet connection is a must as this is the only means by which you can connect yourself to the world.

One can use internet to interact with people, make friends and also earn money. Computer and internet are now an indispensible part of our lives and we have to accept it. As far as children are concerned are concerned, it is what they have to deal with in their day to day like. They need computer for everything. They can get information for the various academic subjects and information they need for their projects. With such a huge blessing in the form of computer, one can simply equip with vast knowledge. There are various websites that also sell products to consumers and people also sell second hand goods as well.

Basically, computers get you the whole world inside your home or room. Children can read books of their choice and also study. You can also find internet books that are quite useful and help students in many ways. The computer and internet books price are quite affordable and you can also get discounts from various websites. There are books that provide internet knowledge and things that you must know if you want to connect to the internet. The books teach how to run the computer, work on it, about search engines, Social networking sites, watching movies, uploading and downloading and many more things.

Computer is much more than just information and knowledge. Children as well as grownups can buy plenty of books apart from studies. You can also read books on ebooks and enjoy whenever you want. Some of the computer and technology books are the easy computer basics, Windows 8 secrets, programming, graphic design, web development, business and culture, etc. At some of the websites you can get the best selection of computer books, strategy and gaming guides, online marketing, technology guides, social media books and various references. You can select the best selling categories and choose the subject you want to know more about.

You can get the latest technological books like the computer hardware, social mediaFeature Articles, and computer software books. There are books that you will like to read about the biggest publishers who publish books on technology and the latest invention.

Even the online books store India is good enough to search for what you need.

How To Stop The #1 Cause Of Computer Slow Downs And Crashes!

Imagine that you start up your pc just to find yourselfstaring at a blue screen with white writing, termed “theblue screen of death” by those at Microsoft.

So you push the power button to shut it down, and when youbringit back up it just crawls. Within a few minutes it goesback to theblue screen of death.

This happened to a friend of mine. When she asked me whatshe could do, I asked her if she had ever defragmented herpc.

She got that “deer in the headlight” look, so I knew shehadn’t. Defragmenting her pc, after 3 years of never doingso, took about 14 hours to complete.

One of the main reasons that computers slow down is poormaintenance practices.

Unfortunately, when you buy a new computer you don’t usuallyget much instruction on how to maintain it. Poor or nomaintenance allows your hard drive to become more and morefragmented which will slow it down over time.

To best explain hard drive fragmentation think of your harddrive as a file cabinet. In this cabinet there are folderswith documents (files) in them.

When you need to work on something you open the foldercontaining the necessary file, pull out what you need andput the folder back. The files go on your desk so you canwork on them.

Over time certain files don’t get put back, or they get putback in the wrong places.

When this happens on the hard drive it leads tofragmentation. Think of defragmenting as going through allof the files on your desk, and in the cabinet, and puttingthem all back in order in the correct folders.

Just as staying in this state of disorganization would leadto a significant loss in your own productivity, the samething happens to your computer.

Eventually this even causes crashes because of how scatteredall of the information gets.

Disk fragmentation can even shorten the lifespan of yourcomputer because your hard drive works so hard that it wearsout faster.

So the one step solution for this part of computermaintenance, run the defragmenting tool that comes withwindows at least once every couple of weeks.

Do this by clicking Start, click All Programs, clickAccessories, click System Tools, then click DiskDefragmenter. Choose the disk you want to defragment andclick the defragment button.

Alternatively you can get software that will automaticallykeep your disk defragmentedPsychology Articles, like Diskeeper by ExecutiveSoftware.

Take care of your pc maintenance and you will continue toenjoy the speed you experienced when you first made thatinvestment!

Choose The Right Niche For Internet Marketing Success

In the event you would like to succeed online as a business, you must ensure that you are focusing your energies in the best area. Finding the best niche is essential should you’d like to avoid spinning your wheels and wasting lots of time time and electricity. The wrong market could make achievement really subtle, while the correct market can make it almost automated.

When you are buying niche for your internet advertising initiatives, there are several points to remember. Firstly, you have to seek out a niche that you’re really interested in and passionate about. In the event that you do not actually worry about the one you pick, you will discover it difficult to gather the energy needed for success. visiting the link of Virtual Studio Simulator Bonus may give one a good overview of the IM product.

Visiting the link of Getresponse will give some important info he/she needs to make a better choice.

You should also try to find an area that hits the sweet spot when it comes to popularity. An area that’s overly popular will currently be highly-competitive, which makes it very hard to break-in and establish your-self. Also though you do, you might never have the ability to strike your earnings targets.

Yet, a topic which is not well-known enough WOn’t provide enough customers to make it worth your while. While it might not be very aggressive, this really is because there are just not enough clients to supply adequate earnings. You may control the market but nonetheless not make a great deal of money.

Locating a topic that is in between these two levels of recognition will allow you to be certain that you simply triumph. You need to take a while and do plenty of research before beginning.

By do-ing so, it is possible to make sure that your online advertising efforts don’t visit waste. With just a little work, you too may become yet another online success story.